Human Trafficking Statistics

on Tuesday, 18 December 2012. Posted in Sex Trafficking

This Report (2007) was published by UN Global Compact, a global initiative to fight human trafficking.

 

An estimated 2.5 million people are in forced labour (including sexual exploitation) at any given time as a result of trafficking1

Of these:

o 1.4 million – 56% - are in Asia and the Pacific

o 250,000 – 10% - are in Latin America and the Caribbean

o 230,000 – 9.2% - are in the Middle East and Northern Africa

o 130,000 – 5.2% - are in sub-Saharan countries

o 270,000 – 10.8% - are in industrialized countries

o 200,000 – 8% - are in countries in transition2

• 161 countries are reported to be affected by human trafficking by being a source, transit or destination count3

• People are reported to be trafficked from 127 countries to be exploited in 137 countries, affecting every continent and every type of economy4

 

The Victims

                    The majority of trafficking victims are between 18 and 24 years of age5

                    An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year6

                    95% of victims experienced physical or sexual violence during trafficking (based on data from selected European countries)7

                    43% of victims are used for forced commercial sexual exploitation, of whom 98 per cent are women and girls 8

                    32% of victims are used for forced economic exploitation, of whom 56 per cent are women and girls9

                    Many trafficking victims have at least middle-level education10

 

The Traffickers

                    52% of those recruiting victims are men, 42% are women and 6% are both men and women11

                    In 54% of cases the recruiter was a stranger to the victim, 46% of cases the recruiter was known to victim12

                    The majority of suspects involved in the trafficking process are nationals of the country where the trafficking process is occurring13

 

The Profits

• Estimated global annual profits made from the exploitation of all trafficked forced labour are US$ 31.6 billion14

Of this:

o US$ 15.5 billion – 49% - is generated in industrialized economies

o US$ 9.7 billion – 30.6% is generated in Asia and the Pacific

o US$ 1.3 billion – 4.1% is generated in Latin America and the Caribbean

o US$ 1.6 billion – 5% is generated in sub-Saharan Africa

o US$ 1.5 billion – 4.7% is generated in the Middle East and North Africa15

 

Prosecutions

                    In 2006 there were only 5,808 prosecutions and 3,160 convictions throughout the world16

                    This means that for every 800 people trafficked, only one person was convicted in 2006 17

 

 1 International Labour Organization, Forced Labour Statistics Factsheet (2007)

2 International Labour Organization, Forced Labour Statistics Factsheet (2007)

3 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns (Vienna, 2006)

4 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns (Vienna, 2006)

5 International Organization for Migration, Counter-Trafficking Database, 78 Countries, 1999-2006 (1999)

6 UNICEF, UK Child Trafficking Information Sheet (January 2003)

7 The LondonSchool of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Stolen smiles: a summary report on the physical and psychological health consequences of women and adolescents trafficked in Europe (London, 2006)

8 International Labour Organization, Forced Labour Statistics Factsheet (2007)

9 International Labour Organization, Forced Labour Statistics Factsheet (2007)

10 International Organization for Migration, Counter-Trafficking Database, 78 Countries, 1999-2006 (1999)

11 International Organization for Migration, Counter-Trafficking Database, 78 Countries, 1999-2006 (1999)

12 International Organization for Migration, Counter-Trafficking Database, 78 Countries, 1999-2006 (1999)

13 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns (Vienna, 2006)

14 Patrick Besler, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Estimating the Profits, working paper (Geneva, International Labour Office, 2005)

15 Patrick Besler, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Estimating the Profits, working paper (Geneva, International Labour Office, 2005)

16 US State Department, Trafficking in Persons Report (2007) p.36

17 US State Department, Trafficking in Persons Report (2007) p.36